Arabic Class

is Learning Arabic by teaching it

A new thread: إعراب (i’raab)

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I’ve decided to dive into إعراب (i’raab), the system of ‘nominal and adjectival suffixes’ in the Arabic language… I’ve been studying this in class this for a couple of months now, and still have only a vague feeling of how it is supposed to work. So, I’ve decided to dive in, and deal with pieces of this on a regular basis. This blog is all about learning by teaching – so be warned in general about errors… since this is a difficult subject, you are warned doubly.

What have I discovered so far? First of all: there is a system of suffixes in the Arabic language (suffix meaning end of word). This system is used in all more formal forms of Arabic – notably in Quranic recitation, literature and poetry. Also notably, they are not spoken in any of the spoken dialects of Arabic…. I’m curious to some more specific info on who would actually speak like this. Also, according to “some rules” they should not be used at the end of sentences.

There are three cases: nominative, accusative and genitive. (It’s worthwhile getting a feel of these cases in general with help of google & wikipedia). In Arabic these cases are called:

Nominative: مَرفوع (marfuu’, literally meaning “raised”)

Accusative: منصوب (manSuub)

Genitive: مجرور (majruur)

The nominative case is used for the subject and the nominal predicate. The accusative is used mainly for the direct object, but has other uses as well. The genitive case is used for genitive constructs and after most prepositions (the genitive case is sometimes also referred to as oblique).

Next time: the nominative case – at least some parts of it…

Sources:

Wikipedia Iʿrāb has been a major source so far and will probably be so again.
#Arabic is another source

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Written by klaasvanschelven

January 15, 2008 at 10:01 pm

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