Arabic Class

is Learning Arabic by teaching it

Noun sentences in إعراب (i’raab) – 2

with 2 comments

[This post has been edited after corrections in the comments]

Last time I mentioned some exceptions in creating the مرفوع (marfuu’, nominative). The general rule is that the nominative get “un” for words without “al”, and “un” for words with “al”.

There are however, some exceptions.

Names of women and non Arabic names do not get a تنوين ضمة (tanwiin Damma, “-un”), but get a regular صمة (Damma) instead. So: قاتمةُ (faatimatu), not “faatimatun”. “Klaasu”, not “Klaasun”.

Additionally, in the genitive (which we will deal with later), they do not get كسرة (kasra, “i”), but get a فتحة (fatHa, “a”) instead.

That’s the ones I know – please do inform me if you know more cases…

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Written by klaasvanschelven

January 25, 2008 at 7:12 am

2 Responses

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  1. [the post above has been edited to reflect this comment’s corrections]
    My last exam is on saturday. So expect an answer after then. But in the mean time….you mentioned
    “Names of women and non Arabic names do not get a تنوين ضمة (tanwiin Damma, “-un”)”
    which is true. Instead of a tanwiin damma they only get a single damma. So instead of “un” it would be “u” like “fatimatu”
    And they dont get a kasra “e” instead they get a “fatha”.
    I’ll explain all the rules in detail. But here’s a question for you…what curriculum are you guys using?

    arabicarabic

    January 25, 2008 at 8:09 pm

  2. Hi “Arabic Arabic”,

    Thanks for the corrections.

    I’m not really using any curriculum in particular. I’ve done some learning with “Teach yourself Arabic”. I’ve bought “Al Kitaab” but find it as of yet too challenging to do alone. In class we’re using college notes, which unfortunately do not contain any of the rules (those are given orally). On top of that, I’m taking the Arabic classes in Hebrew, a language I’m still learning and have started only a year ago. So, you can guess this site is a bit of an escape for me to actually get some learning done…

    Klaas

    klaasvanschelven

    January 26, 2008 at 10:25 am


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