Arabic Class

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Posts Tagged ‘grammer

Verbs in Arabic – Explicit Subject

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So far, we’ve dealt with the implicit subject:

درستُ (darastu) – “I studied”. Even though “I” is not mentioned explicitly, it can be inferred from the ending “-tu”.

We will now deal with sentences in which the subject is mentioned explicitly, such as “The children played”, “The student studied”.

The first rule to remember is that whenever the subject is explicit, the third person singular is used – whether the actual subject is singular or plural.

محمد درس (muHammad darasa): “muHammad studied.”

فاطمة درست (faaTima darasat): “faatimah studied.”

محمد وفاطمة درس (muHammad wafaaTima darasa): “muHammed and faaTima studied.”

البنات درست (al-banaat darasat): “the girls studied.”

However, if the subject is multiple things or abstract, the female singular is always used, no matter whether the multiple things are actually in the masculine or feminine. One masculine thing however, does get a masculine verb ending.

So:

القارب وصلت (al qaarib waSala): the boat arrived

الطائرة وصلت (aT-Ta’ira waSalat): the airplane arrived

القوارب وصلت (al qawaarib waSalat): the boats arrived

الطائرات وصلت (aT-Ta’iraat waSalat): the airplanes arrived

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Written by klaasvanschelven

February 5, 2008 at 7:02 am

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Verbs in Arabic – Past Tense – Pronoun Sentences

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Pronouns (“I”, “you”, etc.) are usually left implicit in Arabic when a verb is present. They may, however, be added for emphasis.

Examples:
درست (darastu): I studied

ولدت (wulidati): You (f) where born

سافر (saafara): He studied

In none of these examples is there an explicit pronoun. However, a pronoun may be added for extra emphasis.

أنت درست (‘anaa darastu): I studied

Written by klaasvanschelven

February 3, 2008 at 9:16 am

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